Affirmative Action 平权政策

时间 : 2012-05-05 15:07来源 : VOA官网 收听下载次数 :
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About this lesson

In this lesson you’ll learn how to:

 - tactfully state an opinion on a sensitive matter

 - dispel common myths by using evidence

 - recognize key terms and phrases associated with the affirmative action debate

 - bring a debate to a close by stating a compromise between the two sides

I’m all for diversity

  I’m all for diversity.
  我完全支持多样化。

  What I’m not OK with is unequal treatment.
  我不能接受的是不平等的待遇。

  If two people apply for a job, should one be given better treatment because of their skin color?
  如果两个人同时申请一个工作﹐其中一个人是否可以因为她的肤色而受到优待呢﹖

  That’s reverse racism if I’ve ever seen it.
  如果我看到这种情况﹐我会认为这是逆向种族主义 (对非少数族裔的歧视)。

A lot of myths out there

  Well there’s a lot of myths about affirmative action out there.
  社会上有许多关于平权法案的错误观念。

  A lot of people think we no longer need affirmative action.
  许多人觉得我们不再需要平权法案了。

  But women and minorities are statistically more likely to be unemployed.
  不过统计数据显示﹐妇女和少数族裔失业的可能性更高。

  And when they’re employed, they get paid less than others for doing the same job.
  在她们有工作后﹐虽然她们和别人做同样的事情﹐但报酬却比别人低。

A foot in the door

  Another myth is that of reverse discrimination.
  另一个错误观念是逆向歧视。

  No affirmative action law requires that decisions be made based on skin color.
  平权法案并没有规定人们根据肤色来作决定。

  They merely allow people who would otherwise be shut out to get a foot in the door.
  这些法律只是让哪些原本被排挤在外的人能够迈出通往成功的第一步。

You simply can’t argue that

  You simply can’t argue that the playing field is even.
  你绝对不能说我们的竞争环境是公平的。

  Our educational system fails people who live in low-income areas.
  我们的教育系统没有给哪些生活在低收入地区的人提供应有的服务。

  Public schools in low-income areas simply have fewer resources.
  低收入地区的公立学校所拥有的资源太少了。

  Minorities have fewer opportunities from day one.
  少数族裔从一开始就比别人机会少。

How do you justify that?

  But how can you justify the use of quotas in schools and workplaces?
  但你怎么解释学校和公司使用的配额制度呢﹖

  Actually you bring up another of the most common myths.
  实施上﹐你提到了另外一个最普遍的错误观念。

  Quotas are illegal.
  配额制是非法的。

  Employers make goals for the inclusion of minorities.
  雇主设定雇佣少数族裔的目标。

  But the use of quotas is strictly forbidden.
  不过使用配额是被严格禁止的。

An imperfect solution

  Affirmative action may not be a perfect solution, but it’s a solution that we can implement.
  平权法案可能并不是一个完美的解决办法﹐不过它是一个可行的办法。

  It provides opportunities for people who may not otherwise have them.
  它为哪些原本无法获得机会的人提供机会。

  Any measure that has the potential to break the cycle of poverty should be taken.
  我们应该采取任何可能打破贫穷怪圈的措施。