关于嘻哈的辩论

时间 : 2012-05-05 15:07来源 : VOA官网 收听下载次数 :
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About this lesson

In this lesson you will learn how to persuade someone in an argument. You will learn:

 - How to state an opinion

 - How to give reasons why you feel that way

 - How to defend your opinion by forming counter-arguments

You will also learn some major facets of hip hop culture and some arguments in favor of and against its place in American society.

For the purposes of this lesson, phrases highlighted in blue are arguing tactics (phrases used to introduce and rebut arguments), green phrases are idioms, and red words are difficult vocabulary.

I don’t understand why

  I don’t understand why anyone likes hip hop music.
  我不明白为什么会有人喜欢嘻哈音乐。

  How can you enjoy listening to such offensive music?
  你怎么会喜欢听这种无礼的音乐呢﹖

  It’s violent, aggressive, and demeaning to women.
  这种音乐充满暴力和攻击性﹐并且侮辱女性。

That’s not true

  What makes you say it’s violent?
  你凭什么说嘻哈音乐充满暴力﹖

  All they ever talk about is guns, drugs, and abusing women.
  因为这些歌里说的都是枪支、毒品和虐待女性。

  That’s not true!
  不是这样的!

  There are some rappers that only talk about that.
  一些饒舌歌手只唱这些东西。

  But these days rappers mostly talk about money.
  不过如今﹐饒舌歌手唱的内容主要都是关于金钱。

Alright, but apart from…

  Alright, but apart from the subject matter…
  对﹐不过除了歌曲的主题以外…

  There’s nothing interesting about the music itself.
  嘻哈音乐本身也没什么吸引人的地方。

  All the songs sound the same.
  所有歌听起来都一样。

  If you’ve heard one, you’ve heard them all.
  听过一首就等于全听过了。

The expression above is more commonly used with the verb “see” – “If you’ve seen one you’ve seen them all.” It works fine with any verb though.

Keep in mind…

  Well keep in mind though…
  不过﹐你要记住…

  You have to listen for a while to appreciate it.
  你得听一阵子才能欣赏到它的好处。

  You have to train your ear to hear the different musical features.
  你得训练自己的耳朵﹐这样才能份辨出不同的音乐特色。

  Then you can figure out what you like and don’t like.
  然后你就能判断出自己喜欢什么﹐不喜欢什么。

The problem is that..

  The problem is that…
  问题是…

  People who judge it only hear what’s on the radio, which is crap.
  哪些对嘻哈音乐进行评判的人只听电台里的嘻哈歌曲﹐而哪些都是垃圾。

  What’s mainstream kinda sucks.
  主流音乐有点儿太烂了。

  You have to probe a little further to find the good stuff.
  你得多花点心思才能找到好东西。

A whole culture

  Besides, hip hop goes way beyond music; it’s a whole culture.
  另外﹐嘻哈音乐已经大大超出了音乐的领域﹐成了一种完整的文化。

  It appeals to youth worldwide, and that can’t be for nothing.
  世界各地的年青人都喜欢它﹐这不可能是没有理由的。

  If it were just about guns and money…
  如果它仅仅是关于枪支和金钱的话…

  …how could it mean so much to so many people?
  它怎么能受到哪么多人的如此青睐呢﹖