英语语法:形容词比较级与the same as (11)

时间 : 2012-05-09 07:43来源 : VOA官网 收听下载次数 :
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在上一课里, 我们学习了形容词比较级, 也学习了 as 加上形容词再加上 as 的用法. 比方: as good as, "跟什么什么一样好" 等等. 今天我们学习怎么用 the same, t-h-e s-a-m-e, the same 加上名词再加上 as, 比方: the same length as"长度跟什么什么一样", the same style as "款式跟什么什么一样" 等等. 另外我们还要学习 different from, d-i-f-f-e-r-e-n-t f-r-o-m, different from "跟什么什么不一样" 的用法.

首先我们还是听一段对话,内容是说琳达到百货商店去给姐姐珍妮买生日礼物.
请你注意听英文老师的发音和语调.

M: May I help you?
F: Yes, I would like to buy a swimming suit for my older sister as a birthday present.
M: What size does she wear?
F: Medium. The same size as I do.
M: Would she like this style?
F: No, do you have something different from this one?
M: What about that one?
F: The style is fine, but the color is too dark, Do you have something brighter?
M: How about this one?
F: It's too expensive.Do you have something cheaper?
M: Yes, we do. There is a budget department on the first floor. Why don't you check there?
F: Okay. Thank you very much.

现在我请英文老师再把整段对话念一遍, 请你注意听.

M: May I help you?
F: Yes, I would like to buy a swimming suit for my older sister as a birthday present.
M: What size does she wear?
F: Medium. The same size as I do.
M: Would she like this style?
F: No, do you have something different from this one?
M: What about that one?
F: The style is fine, but the color is too dark, Do you have something brighter?
M: How about this one?
F: It's too expensive. Do you have something cheaper?
M: Yes, we do. There is a budget department on the first floor. Why don't you check there?
F: Okay. Thank you very much.

刚才那段对话里有些句子用了形容词比较级, 有些句子用了我们今天要学的语法, 现在我把这些句子挑出来, 请老师再念一遍.

F: I would like to buy a swimming suit for my older sister.
F: The same size as I do.
F: Do you have something different from this one?
F: Do you have something brighter?
F: Do you have something cheaper?

二.THE SAME ... AS

首先请你听一句话: Linda isn't as tall as Jenny. 这句话换个方式也可以这样说:
Linda isn't the same height as Jenny. 现在我们用这两种说法把珍妮和琳达两个
姐妹作个比较. 在下面这组练习里有几个字你可能不太熟, 比方 "女用手提包"
purse 和 "女衬衫" blouse. 这些字等一会儿我们还会重复练习. 现在我们开始
作语法练习. 请你注意听.

M: Linda isn't as tall as Jenny.
F: Linda isn't the same height as Jenny.
M: Linda isn't as old as Jenny.
F: Linda isn't the same age as Jenny.
M: Linda's swimming suit isn't as expensive as Jenny's.
F: Linda's swimming suit isn't the same price as Jenny's.
M: Linda's hair isn't as brown as Jenny's.
F: Linda's hair isn't the same color as Jenny's.
M: Linda's skirt isn't as long as Jenny's.
F: Linda's skirt isn't the same length as Jenny's.
M: Linda's purse isn't as formal as Jenny's.
F: Linda's purse isn't the same style as Jenny's.
M: Linda's blouse isn't as big as Jenny's
F: Linda's blouse isn't the same size as Jenny's.

现在我们来作代换练习. 老师先说一句话: This dress is the same length as that one. "这件连衣裙的长度跟那件一样". 接着老师给你一个字: style,你就把句子改成: This dress is the same style as that one.老师也可能给你另外一个东西的名称, 比方: "外套" coat, 那么你就应该把句子改成: This coat is the same length as that one. 好, 现在我们开始作练习.请你斟酌情况看看应该代换哪个字.每作完一句,你就跟老师念的正确答案比较一下, 看你作对了没有.

M: This dress is the same length as that one.
M: style
F: This dress is the same style as that one.
M: purse
F: This purse is the same style as that one.
M: color
F: This purse is the same color as that one.
M: skirt
F: This skirt is the same color as that one.
M: price
F: This skirt is the same price as that one.
M: blouse
F: This blouse is the same price as that one.
M: size
F: This blouse is the same size as that one.
M: coat
F: This coat is the same size as that one.
M: length
F: This coat is the same length as that one.

下面我们换一个方式作练习. 练习的内容还是提到百货商店里卖的东西, 比方"一双短袜" a pair of socks, "一双女人穿的长袜子" a pair of stockings, "一条牛仔裤" a pair of jeans, "一双靴子" a pair of boots 等等. 练习的作法是由老师提出一个问题, 比方: Is this pair of socks the same color as that pair? 接着老师说:dark, 学生就用这个形容词的比较级作否定的答覆, 所以答案就是: No, this pair of socks is darker than that pair. 好, 现在我们开始作练习. 请你在学生回答问题
的时候也一起回答.

M: Is this pair of socks the same color as that pair?
M: dark
F: No, this pair of socks is darker than that pair.
M: Is this pair of stockings the same length as that pair?
M: short
F: No, this pair of stockings is shorter than that pair.
M: Is this pair of boots the same price as that pair?
M: expensive
F: No, this pair of boots is more expensive than that pair.
M: Is this pair of pants the same size as that pair?
M: small
F: No, this pair of pants is smaller than that pair.
M: Is this pair of gloves the same style as that pair?
M: formal
F: No, this pair of gloves is more formal than that pair.
M: Is this pair of glasses the same price as that pair?
M: cheap
F: No, this pair of glasses is cheaper than that pair.
M: Is this pair of jeans the same length as that pair?
M: long
F: No, this pair of jeans is longer than that pair.

三.DIFFERENT FROM

现在我们要学习怎么用 different from, "跟什么什么不同". 第一组练习是在比较琳达跟她姐姐珍妮在外表,穿着和兴趣各方面有什么不同,比方琳达的头发又长又直, 珍妮的头发又短又卷等等. 练习的作法是由老师先念一个句子,比方:Linda's hair is long and straight; Jenny's hair is short and curly.学生就把句子改成: Linda's hair is different from Jenny's. 现在我们开始作练习. 在学生作练习的时候也请你一起作.

M: Linda's hair is long and straight; Jenny's hair is short and curly.
F: Linda's hair is different from Jenny's.
M: Linda's dress is casual; Jenny's dress is formal.
F: Linda's dress is different from Jenny's.
M: Linda is interested in music;Jenny is interested in foreign languages.
F: Linda's interest is different from Jenny's.
M: Linda is in high school; Jenny is in the university.
F: Linda's school is different from Jenny's.

下面我们换一个方式作练习. 练习的内容都是说到珍妮和琳达常常作的活动,比方: "烤蛋糕" baking a cake, "作饼干" making cookies, "骑自行车" riding a bicycle, "坐地铁" taking the subway, "在海滩上玩" playing on the beach, "作一种像馅饼的美国牛肉饼" cooking hamburgers 等等. 练习的作法是由老师提出一个问题, 比方: What is different from running? 接着老师给学生一个字或是一个词组,比方: swimming, 然后学生就回答说: Swimming is different from running,好, 现在我们开始作练习. 在学生回答问题的时候, 也请你一起回答.

M: What is different from running?
M: swimming
F: Swimming is different from running.
M: What is different from riding a bicycle?
M: driving a car
F: Driving a car is different from riding a bicycle.
M: What is different from baking a cake?
M: making cookies
F: Making cookies is different from baking a cake.
M: What is different from cooking hamburgers?
M: cooking Chinese food
F: Cooking Chinese food is different from cooking hamburgers.
M: What is different from playing on the beach?
M: Studying for an exam
F: Studying for an exam is different from playing on the beach.
M: What is different from taking the subway?
M: taking the bus
F: Taking the bus is different from taking the subway.

四.听短文回答问题

现在我们来作听力测验, 首先我们还是来听一段文章, 内容是说珍妮和琳达两
姐妹在暑假里做什么活动, 比方他们可以到海边去晒太阳, 在沙滩上玩一种扔圆形塑料碟子的游戏,这种塑料碟子英文叫 frisbee, 要是饿了呢,他们就在沙滩上生火, 烤牛肉饼, 或是吃三明治.这些活动都是美国年轻人最喜爱的活动.

现在请你注意听:

Summer vacation is here. Jenny and Linda, like many American teenagers, plan to have a good time. Their plans for sunny days are different from their plans for rainy days. On sunny days, they ride their bicycles with their friends to the beach. Jenny gets up at the same time as Linda and they usually leave before breakfast. They take sandwiches and cans of Coca Cola or they make a fire and cook hamburgers on the beach. There are a lot of activities at the beach. They can swim, take a walk or throw frisbees. Linda is learning to play the guitar, so sometimes they sing by the fire. Sometimes they play volleyball or lie down on the beach to enjoy the sun. On rainy days, Jenny and Linda stay at home. They often read or watch television. Sometimes, they make cookies or bake a cake. They also talk about their boyfriends.

现在我们先来听今天要测验的三个问题,然后老师会把整段文章再念 一遍给你听.

第一个问题是:
M: What do American teenagers often eat on the beach?
第二个问题是:
M: What are some of the activities at the beach?
第三个问题是:
M: What do Jenny and Linda do on rainy days?

好, 现在我们再听英文老师用慢速度把整段文章念一遍, 请你特别注意刚才那三个问题的答案:
Summer vacation is here. Jenny and Linda, like many American teenagers, plan to have a good time. Their plans for sunny days are different from their plans for rainy days. On sunny days, they ride their bicycles with their friends to the beach. Jenny gets up at the same time as Linda and they usually leave before breakfast. They take sandwiches and cans of Coca Cola or they make a fire and cook hamburgers on the beach. There are a lot of activities at the beach. They can swim, take a walk or throw frisbees. Linda is learning to play the guitar, so sometimes they sing by the fire. Sometimes they play volleyball or lie down on the beach to enjoy the sun. On rainy days, Jenny and Linda stay at home. They often read or watch television. Sometimes, they make cookies or bake a cake. They also talk about their boyfriends.

现在请你回答今天测验的三个问题. 回答之后, 请你听老师念正确答案.

第一个问题是:
M: What do American teenagers often eat on the beach?
F: They eat sandwiches or hamburgers.
第二个问题是:
M: What are some of the activities at the beach?
F: Swimming, walking, throwing frisbees, playing guitar, playing volleyball, making
hamburgers are some of the activities at the beach.
第三个问题是:
M: What do Jenny and Linda do on rainy days?
F: They read, watch television, make cookies or bake a cake. They also talk about their boyfriends.