空中英语教室:201101126 MP3在线课程 SPIES IN OUR MIDST

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(Music).

Hi, friends. Welcome to Studio Classroom Worldwide. My name is Steve.

In another BUSINESS feature earlier this month, we briefly discussed a corporation’s different kinds of chief officers and what each one did.

You might remember one of the officers was the CSO, also known as the chief security officer.

Now why does this position exist?

Because there is corporate information that competing businesses would love to get their hands on.

And there are people who will work hard to get it. Or should I say ”steal it”?

So one of the CSO’s responsibilities is to make sure that doesn’t happen.

Now let’s open our magazines to page 45 for day two of Spies in Our Midst.

SPIES IN OUR MIDST.

Understanding the importance of information is often the key to foiling corporate espionage.

Many companies try to protect themselves by developing expensive electronic security.

While there is value in securing online information, companies must recognize the difference between information security and IT security.

For many companies, the best defense is making information less accessible to competitors.

But that isn’t always as easy as it sounds.

Information about companies, products and technologies is easier to acquire now more than ever before.

The Internet, press releases and trade shows all provide a wealth of information to anyone who is paying attention.

Hi, friends. Welcome to Stadio Classroom Worldwide. I’m Chip.

And my name is Ryan.

This is day two of our two-day article where we are talking about corporate espionage.

Uh, corporate espionage is where companies spy on each other to try and steal each other’s information.

Now we do know that that can be quite harmful to those companies.

It can cost a lot of money to those companies.

So it is important to understand the importance of information, and that is often key to foiling corporate espionage.

Yes. It’s all about gaining information about another company.

So right, this makes sense, understanding the importance of getting that information,

or understanding the importance of information is often the key, or the core um, strategy, to foiling corporate espionage.

Now if you ”foil” something, that simply means that you prevent something from being successful. Right, Ryan?

Exactly. Now you might foil like something like an evil plan.

If somebody has an evil plan, you don’t want that to happen, so you would want to prevent it.

You’d want to stop it from happening. You would want to foil the evil plan.

So here when the companies are doing corporate espionage, you want to find out how to foil the corporate espionage that is happening.

Exactly. You want to prevent that from happening to you and protect yourself because you don’t want to become a victim.

Well, our article goes on to say that many companies try to protect themselves by developing expensive electronic security.

Now whenever we talk about security, we’re talking about some kind of protection,

whether it’s the protection of a building, or the protection of an organization,

or, I suppose national security would be the protection of a country.

Here, I suppose we’re talking about information security, protecting a company’s information.

Right. So while there is value in securing online information,

companies must recognize the difference between information security and IT security, or information technology security.

For many companies, the best defense is making information less accessible to competitors.

Now here we see the word ”accessible.” What can you tell us about the word ”accessible,” Chip?

Well, it simply means able to be access, or we might think, say, able to be gotten into.

If you can access something, then that means that you can get into it, or um, enter it in someway in order to get that information.

So here, we see that, yeah, it’s... the best defense is making that information less accessible to competitors,

keeping that information inaccessible so that competitors can’t find out what it is.

But that isn’t always easy, is it?

No, it isn’t.

Information about companies and products and technologies is easier to acquire now more than ever before.

The Internet, press releases and trade shows all provide a wealth of information to anyone who is paying attention.

Now here, a press release. What might a ”press release” be?

Well, a company might offer a press release which is...

Well, actually, first of all, that word ”press” is referring to the media or that group of reporters, that group of writers that prepare the news for the public.

That’s what the press is. The press is the media.

So a company might offer a press release to the public,

which is simply a way of offering the basic information about something that the company is doing to the public.

So they’re offering that to the public via the press.

Exactly. So if these companies are offering that information to the public through the press,

then that information is easier for people to get, or to attain.

Now that makes corporate espionage a lot easier.

We also see that they are able to get a wealth of information. ”A wealth of” information is a lot of information.

They are able to get a lot of information about the company or much information.

It sounds almost like a surplus of information, more than necessary, to do some damage with corporate espionage.

Well, we’re going to hear more about corporate espionage after the break.

And before we go, let’s visit the Chat Room.

Hey, Rachel. Is this a rich library?

A rich library? Well, Ken, this is a public library.

Rich is not an adjective I would use to describe it.

But it says on your website: The library has a wealth of information. ”Wealth” means rich, right?

Yes, but not in that context.

Wealth means abundance or a great amount.

Oh. So this library has a lot of information.

You got it.

Well, where else can I use ”wealth” this way?

Well, you might have a talent for singing, dancing and acting. Then you would have a wealth of talents.

A wealth of talents? So that means I have many talents?

Right. You have many talents, a wealth of them.

Hmm. So would I be wealthy?

Sure. Since wealthy is the adjective form of wealth, you would be wealthy in talents.

A person with a lot of friends is wealthy in friends.

I see. Well, thanks for your wealth of advice.

Anytime.

(Chinese).

Welcome back from the break, everybody.

The person in charge of protecting a company’s trade secrets might go by a few different titles.

Depending on the company, a CSO might also be called the CISO - that is the chief information security officer.

Another name you might hear is DSO, or data security officer.

One more is the ISSO, or information systems security officer.

Whatever the title, you can be sure these people are busy keeping the corporate spies away from their companies’ precious trade secrets.

OK. Let’s get back to our lesson. We’ll wrap up the reading beginning at the top of page 46.

SPIES IN OUR MIDST.

Other sources of information can also be easily overlooked.

Notes from a meeting, a forgotten USB drive or a copy of a report can contain as much information as computer files.

And these can be easy for spies to get their hands on.

Establishing strategic policies that manage these kinds of information is an important step.

More importantly, companies often fail to realize that they are not the only ones who suffer the effects of corporate espionage.

Corporate spying also poses a great risk to the livelihoods of employees.

Consequently, informed and wary employees are often the best defense money can buy.

(Music).

Welcome back to Studio Classroom.

Today, we have been talking about corporate espionage, which is when companies spy on other companies to try and steal their information.

And we have been just talking about how companies can steal information quite easily through things like press releases and notes from meetings.

There are also many other sources of information which can be easily overlooked.

So there’s lots of different ways that one company can get information about what another competing company is doing.

And some of these sources of information are easily overlooked.

They’re easily not seen and so they can be forgotten about.

So we give some examples of some of those sources of information that are often overlooked - Notes from a meeting, for example.

Or another example, a forgotten USB drive in a computer.

Yes. Now those things can be easily forgotten because you don’t think about other people begin able to get that information from you.

You might have a copy of a report which can contain as much information as those computer files.

And you might leave it lying around and someone else could get it.

And ”those things can be easy for spies to get their hands on,” which is our Grammar on the Go sentence. So let’s go there now.

Hello, friends. How are you today?

My name is Liz and it’s time for Grammar on the Go.

Today’s article is about how companies can be spied on.

And here’s our Grammar Tip sentence for today:

And these can be easy for spies to get their hands on.

Our focus today is on the phrase at the end of the sentence, to get one’s hands on.

It’s an idiom that means to get something for the purpose of doing harm.

So in the case of today’s sentence, the writer is saying that there are... there are some things that are easy for spies to get for the purpose of doing harm.

This idiom is often used in informal situations.

For example, we can warn somebody about thieves by saying:

Putting your wallet in your back pocket can make it easy for thieves to get their hands on it.

Or: How her little brother was able to get his hands on her diary is still a mystery to Sarah.

Perhaps you may have heard of the idiom, ”to lay one’s hands on something.” It’s the same meaning.

So if your friend Dennis played a joke on you and you don’t appreciate it, you might say:

I don’t appreciate Dennis’ joke; just wait until I lay my hands on him.

Or, suppose you have a friend who loves to buy shoes and can’t seem to control herself. Then you can say:

If my friend sees a new pair of shoes, I just know she will lay her hands on it.

Want more examples sentences? Then check out the example sentences in today’s Grammar Tip section in your Studio Classroom magazine.

That’s all the time we have for today.

Thank you for joining me here. I’ll see you again next time.

Until then, this is Liz with Grammar on the Go, signing off.

Thanks, Liz.

So it’s very easy for companies to overlook, or to forget about, other sources of information that would make it easy for competitors to get their hands on.

Now here we have examples - notes from a meeting or a forgotten USB drive in a computer,

a copy of a report - all of these would be ways that competitors could get their hands on, information that you don’t want them to have.

So, establishing strategic policies that manage these kinds of information is an important step in the right direction.

That’s exactly right. Uh, that information can be guarded rather easily if you have strategic plans.

Now the word ”strategic” might mean that something is designed a certain way. It is... has a plan.

You might have a strategic leap placed bridge over a river,

or a plan that might be strategic to try and avoid some danger such as in this case, strategic plans could avoid corporate espionage.

Yeah. And I guess strategic is simply the adjective of the noun, which is probably more common for us to use, strategy.

A strategy is simply a plan that you hope leads to success. So your company has a strategy.

If you’re on a ball team or sports team, you would utilize strategies.

So, yeah, here you’re establishing a strategic policy that manages those kinds of information, and that’s an important step.

Now more importantly, companies often fail to realize that they’re not the only ones who suffer the effects of corporate espionage.

Exactly. Corporate espionage, or corporate spying, also poses a great risk to the ”livelihoods” of employees.

So it could affect their individual lives as well.

Now consequently, informed and wary employees are often the best defense money can buy.

Now here we see the word consequently. What does ”consequently” mean, Chip?

Well, consequently simply means as a result, or as a consequence of what was just mentioned.

So here we see that, yeah, corporate spying also poses a risk to the livelihoods of employees.

So a livelihood is simply the way that someone makes money in order to pay for, well, the needs of life.

So the way that someone makes money in order to pay for food and housing and clothing - that would be a person’s livelihood.

So specific employees are also at risk of losing greatly from corporate espionage.

So, therefore, a wary employee is often the best defense that money can buy.

Yes. Now a ”wary” employee is someone who is careful. They try to avoid danger.

If you are wary, you might be wary of a dangerous place like a street or somewhere where there is danger present.

A wary employee, in this case, is someone who often avoids losing their information.

And often the best defense could also be... they ARE the best defense that money can’t buy.

So that’s all we have for today. But first, let’s go see the skit.

Understanding the importance of information is often the key to foiling corporate espionage.

Wow. There is so much to learn.

I can teach you.

We protect our company with expensive electronic security.

Oh! Well, what kind of security?

We make information less accessible.

No one can get near our secret documents without this security pass.

Uh, security pass?

Yes. Didn’t you get one?

Here. You can borrow mine for now.

Oh. Well, thank you. This will come in handy.

Oh, no. Look at this.

Someone left notes from a meeting.

I would hate for a spy to get his hands on these.

Oh. You are right. I will take care of these.

Oh, thank you.

Mmhm.

Oh. Look! Someone left a USB drive. That’s dangerous.

Oh. You’re right. I’ll check to see if the information is important.

Great! You know, companies fail to realize the effects of corporate espionage.

You’re right. It poses a great risk.

Consequently, informed and wary employees, like you, are often the best defense.

Well, thank you.

Well, I’ve accomplished my goals for today. I’d better be going.

Yes. Well, see you next time.

Remember, pay attention. Spies are in our midst.

Oh. Thanks for the reminder.

Hey, nice jacket! You look just like a spy.

Ha... That’s funny!

Oh. I like that guy. I’m glad I warned him about corporate spying.

Hi, everyone. I’m Michelle.

(Chinese).

And we have to say goodbye now. Goodbye and take care.

Thanks again, Michelle. We always, always appreciate those helpful tips.

Corporate espionage always makes thrilling subject material for movies.

One of the more famous examples is 1993’s Jurassic Park,

in which an employee attempts to steal 15 priceless dinosaur embryos from his boss and sell them to the competition.

More currently, corporate espionage was at the center of two recent Hollywood blockbusters, Duplicity and Inception.

Friends, I realize this high-level lesson can be a little overwhelming.

So please take some time later to review. It will help you to retain what you’ve already learned.

I hope the rest of your Wednesday is great, and we’ll see you all tomorrow.

Bye-bye.

(Music).

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