空中英语教室:201101128 MP3在线课程 THE ELEPHANTS OF THAILAND

时间 : 2013-11-24 07:50来源 : VOA官网 收听下载次数 :
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(Music).

Hello, everyone. Welcome to Studio Classroom Worldwide. My name is Steve.

And I thank you for taking time out of your day to study English with us.

Elephants are pretty smart animals.

They have been known to make tools and solve puzzles.

And believe it or not, some elephants can hold a paint brush in their trunk and produce simple but real works of art.

You should check that out on YouTube when you have some time.

In addition to their smarts, elephants are known to have complex emotions.

For example, they have a sense of humor and they grieve when a loved one dies. Pretty amazing animals.

OK. Let’s jump back into our story and see how smart Kwan the Thai elephant is.

We’ll begin today’s reading on page 49 in your Studio Classroom magazines.

(Music).

The Elephants of Thailand.

”Bon, bon.” A signal for Kwan to open her mouth.

Then, ”Dee, dee. Dee, dee.” Good girl.

After lunch, (hers, not mine), I brushed the dirt off her back with a bundle of leaves so I wouldn’t be scraped raw while riding.

The elephants spray themselves with dirt to keep bugs off, but sitting on all that dried dirt is like sitting on sandpaper.

And then we went to the river.

I scrubbed with a brush.

She sprayed water from her trunk.

I hugged. She squeaked. We played.

(Music).

Hello, friends and welcome to Studio Classroom Worldwide. I’m Winnie.

And I’m Chip. And thanks for joining us in our second day of this month’s ANIMALS article.

And if you were with us yesterday, you’d know that we are talking about a specific kind of animal, elephants.

And yesterday we traveled down to Chiang Mai in Thailand.

And we were reading some of the experiences of our author who went to an elephant farm and, well, I suppose owned an elephant for a day.

And our author’s elephant was named Kwan.

Now Kwan begins our article... we begin our article today talking about Kwan, and actually, a signal given to Kwan.

That’s right. We’re in the middle of the action here, Chip.

And we find out that they’re going on for a ride and we start off with the author saying: Bon, bon. Bon, bon.

And this is a signal for Kwan to open her mouth.

Friends, don’t forget, Kwan is the actual elephant.

Right. Yeah. So the elephant Kwan is receiving this signal.

And a signal is simply something that you might say or do to show someone else to do something.

So maybe if I point at you, then I want you to talk or I want you to do something.

This would be my signal for you to take some kind of action.

OK. So it’s not always physical too because here we find that the author goes on to say something else, which is also a verbal signal.

And she says: ”Dee, dee,” or ”Dee, dee,” which means ”good girl.” And they go on to eat lunch actually.

OK. So it sounds like Kwan opened her mouth and it sounds like our author fed Kwan some food.

So here, yeah, we’re talking about after Kwan’s lunch and our author clarifies by saying: hers, Kwan’s, not mine.

And our author goes on to say that I brushed the dirt off her back with a bundle of leaves so that I wouldn’t be scraped draw when riding.

Now let’s talk about that verb ”scraped” for a second.

To scrape is kind of a rubbing motion when your skin or something rubs against something that is really rough or hard.

Most likely, it will get damaged and that’s what scrape is.

And so here she’s saying unless she puts a lot of leaves or grass on top of the elephant, she might get injured or scraped raw when she’s riding the elephant.

Yeah. She needed to use those leaves to brush that hard dirt off of Kwan’s skin, or else she would get scraped raw.

Now that word ”raw” sometimes means uncooked.

You might talk about raw meat and that’s simply meat that has not yet been cooked.

Here we’re talking about something different though.

If a part of your body is raw, that means that your skin is sore to the touch. It’s very painful if you touch it.

So here she didn’t want to get scraped raw when riding Kwan.

That’s right. That’s only the beginning, because then we find out that the elephants spray themselves with dirt to keep bugs off of them.

But sitting on all that dried dirt is like sitting on sandpaper.

”Sandpaper” is a very interesting kind of paper. Chip, why don’t you explain to us what that means.

Well, we use sometimes sandpaper when we’re working with wood.

And sandpaper is actually just like it sounds, it’s paper that has sand glued to it.

So it’s paper with sand on it, and you use that sandpaper to make rough wood smooth.

So, yes, she’s comparing Kwan’s dirt-covered skin to sandpaper, which would be a very rough surface.

Which might explain also why Kwan needs a bath, because then they go on to the river where she scrubbed with a brush.

Now scrub is this motion when you’re going back and forth and you put some pressure on it.

And she’s probably trying to get all that dirt off.

OK. She’s being cleaned very thoroughly.

Well, she sprayed, this is Kwan, Kwan sprayed water from her trunk.

And of course, the trunk is the part of the elephant that, I suppose, makes up the nose of an elephant.

We don’t usually talk about an elephant’s nose, we talk about an elephant’s trunk.

And their trunk is a very useful part of their body. They can pick things up with their trunk.

And here we see that she’s spraying water on herself with her trunk, so.

It’s a very important part of the elephant.

Yes, it is.

And it sounds like they’re having a great time because then she goes on to say: I hugged. She squeaked. We played.

Sounds like a great time in the river.

Well, friends, we have a skit, and then we can join Zorina in the Music Room before we go for a break.

You will get your elephant after lunch.

Great. I’m starving.

No. After the elephant’s lunch.

Oh, yeah. Yeah.

Then you must brush the dirt off the elephant’s back.

What’s wrong with the dirty elephant?

Elephants spray themselves with dirt to keep bugs off.

Riding a dirty elephant is like riding on sandpaper. Rough! Rough, very rough.

Oh. Well, can I take my elephant to the river and scrub her?

Yes. She will spray water and squeak. Give her a hug and play with her.

OK.

Then take her for a ride.

But how do I get up on an elephant?

Just step on the elephant’s knees and then when she lifts, just scramble aboard.

Uh, I’m not that limber. Is there an easier way?

Yes. Kwan can kneel down.

When she does, we will drag you onboard, sit right behind her head.

It’s very stable.

Uh, but right behind her head? Oh. That’s also very scary.

Oh. Don’t worry. Kwan isn’t afraid.

She’s used to it.

Say ”Pai, pai,” and Kwan will go.

Oh. And how do I mak her stop?

How.

Yes. How? How do I make her stop?

How.

Yes. How? I’m asking you!

”How!” Oh. I’m so confused.

I’m confused. ”How” makes her stop? I...

How.

How?

Hello, friends.

Welcome back to the Music Room.

I’m your host Zorina London, the Black Pearl of Asia, Taiwan’s new flavor, and the party is still going on.

The style is still retro. The theme is still disco. Where? In the Music Room.

The song is called ”By Your Side.” Let’s get this party started.

Hit it, Music Room singers!

(Music).

(Music).

Welcome back, everyone.

According to the website, visiting the Patara Elephant Farm is the most popular thing for tourists to do in Chiang Mai.

But if you go, don’t expect to see an elephant perform a dance on its two hind legs.

The focus of this tourist destination is on educating people to protect and care for elephants.

To raise money to do this, the farm owners invite tourists to come and participate in taking care of one of its gentle giants for a day.

Our author tried it and loved it.

Let’s see what else she has to say about this experience of a lifetime down on line 15.

(Music).

The Elephants of Thailand.

Getting up on her, though, was another matter.

The more limber folk stepped on their elephants’ knees and were raised, like an elevator, to chest height, where they scrambled aboard.

I took the easy way out.

Kwan kneeled and two mahouts grabbed my arms and dragged me aboard.

You sit right behind the head.

Yeah, you’re way up there.

But it’s far more stable than sitting in one of those giant wooden seats you usually find at elephant rides.

To go, it’s ”pai.” Stop is ”how.” I said ”how” a lot.

(Music).

Welcome back.

Before the break, we were hearing from our author about her experience owning an elephant for the day.

We heard a little bit about her experience feeding Kwan, the elephant, lunch.

And then after that, I think it was time for Kwan to get cleaned up a little bit and have a bath, and so we heard a little bit about that.

And now I think it’s time for the most exciting part of the day when our author actually rides Kwan.

That’s right. They’re going on for a very exciting ride.

And so she describes what this process was like getting actually on Kwan, the elephant.

The writer says: Getting up on her, though, was another matter.

The more limber folk stepped on their elephants’ knees and were raised like an elevator.

Let’s talk about that word ”limber.” And limber is usually used to describe someone who’s very flexible.

Maybe they can spray their legs or do jumping jacks or just bend in many different ways.

And those people would have no problem maybe getting an elephant.

OK. Now Winnie, can I ask you: Are you a limber person? Do you normally think of yourself as a limber person?

You know what, I should be more limber and I should exercise a lot more.

But I used to be limber when I was a young girl.

Right. I think we were all a little bit more limber when we were young.

That’s right.

Yeah. I have a gymnast friend who is very limber. He is in gymnastics and so he’s always doing activities with his body. Very limber man.

So apparently getting on to an elephant is a little bit easier if you are a limber person.

But for our author, it was a little more difficult, it sounds like.

So the more limber people at this elephant camp, they were able to board, or get on, the elephant easily,

because when the elephants went down on their knees and raised it like an elevator, they were able to ”scramble” aboard very quickly and easily,

meaning there are maybe their hands and knees, but they got on very quickly and easily.

OK. And here we see aboard, which usually, if you go aboard something, then...

we use that kind of language when we’re talking about getting onto a ship or getting onto a plane; you’re going aboard.

But here, I guess it also works if you’re getting on an elephant.

You’re scrambling aboard the elephant.

Well, in our author’s case, Kwan the elephant, kneeled down and then two mahouts grabbed her arms and dragged her aboard.

Let’s talk about what ”mahouts” are.

Now this is not an English word. But it is referring to Thai elephant driver.

So these are the people who maybe traditionally would take elephants from places to places.

And here these mahouts help the author, bring her up aboard the elephant.

OK. Yeah. It says that she was dragged by her arms, they dragged her aboard.

And if you drag something, that usually means that you move it across the ground very slowly,

and maybe her feet were kind of still touching the ground and touching the elephant as they picked her up.

That’s right. But she’s not done yet.

So once she got on, she’s found that herself sitting right behind the head of the elephant.

And she says, ”Yeah, you’re way up there,” meaning it’s really, really high.

But it’s more... far more stable than sitting in one of those giant wooden seats you usually find in elephant rides.

Yeah. I know what she’s talking about.

I guess I’ve seen those kinds of elephant rides where people are riding in this large wooden seat on top of the elephant.

And I have to admit, Winnie, that doesn’t sound like a stable way of riding an elephant.

That’s right. I’ve seen those too, and it seems like they were swayed back and forth.

But here she’s actually on the elephant and it feels much more stable, she says.

Yeah. She’s actually up on the neck of the elephant. So, yeah, she’s way up there.

That’s right.

She goes to give the elephant few more signals And she says:

To go, it’s ”pai.” To stop is to say ”how.” And she says: I said ”how” a lot, meaning, oh, she probably told the elephant to slow down and to stop very often.

Right. I think I can understand it.

I mean, if you’re on top of an elephant, you are pretty high up in the air.

So I would think that moving a lot on this elephant could be a little scary for someone.

That definitely could be a little frightening if you are afraid of heights.

However, it does seem like an unforgettable experience.

Well, friends, that’s it for today. Thanks so much for joining us.

And before we leave, we have the Chat Room.

Hi, Ken.

Oh. Hi, Rachel.

Why are you reading a map? What are you trying to find?

Well, I’m meeting a friend for coffee. But I can’t find the restaurant.

Well, did you find it on the map?

I found the street and follow my friend’s directions. But there was no right.

What do you mean?

Well, my friend said to go to the corner of Hidden Valley Road and Herring Drive, and that the restaurant would be ”right” there.

Oh!

And when I got there, there was nothing on the right side of the street.

Well, Ken, when ”right” is used as an adverb, it can mean ”exactly.” So when your friend said the restaurant was right there,

he meant it was exactly there, meaning you would see it at the corner.

Oh. So I shouldn’t have turned right?

No. You probably would have seen it if you had looked around the area instead of turning right.

Hmm. Can a person be right in a location?

Yes, we can. I could say you’re standing right beside the counter.

So I’m standing exactly where the counter is. I’m right beside the counter.

That’s right.

Now you’re saying that’s correct.

Yes. When ”right” is used as an adjective, it can mean ”correct.” You are right, you are correct.

So I’m correct that I need to go look around the corner to find the restaurant.

Exactly.

Well, I’m going to find my friend.

Thanks for the explanation.

No problem.

(Chinese).

(Chinese).

And that concluded our Language Tips today. I’ll see you tomorrow. Bye-bye.

Thank you, Michelle.

Thankfully, the Patara Elephant Farm isn’t the only place in the world that is concerned with protecting elephants.

You should also know about a special refuge for elephants called the Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage in Sri Lanka.

There, you’ll find about 90 orphaned elephants, all of which can be adopted or sponsored through financial giving.

Another good idea to raise awareness and get people interested in helping elephants.

Friends, tomorrow we’ll return to the Patara Elephant Farm in northern Thailand.

Until then, I and everyone here at Studio Classroom hope you have a great day. Bye-bye.

(Music).

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