彭蒙惠英语:20110210 MP3在线课程 Rural China Goes Green

时间 : 2013-12-09 07:48来源 : VOA官网 收听下载次数 :
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Earth-friendly ideals

The group focused on Anlong and two adjacent villages, which form a collection of whitewashed bungalows dispersed among trees and riverside farmland. Their goal: to end the farmers' "addiction" to chemical fertilizers and encourage organic farming. The going was rough:100 families (out of 1,000 in a three-village cluster) are now using biogas, but only four of the 20 families who tried organic farming are still committed to it. The reason: Organic farming is more labor-intensive, and the land takes three to five years to recover from chemical fertilizers, meaning farmers' incomes drop in the short term.

Success story

But conversations with the organic farmers give insights into rural life and values. In the Gao family, daughter Qing Rong, who returned home after 10 years as a migrant factory worker, says her new work gives her "more dignity."

Her brother, Gao Hai, a former disc jockey in Shanghai, cooked up an organic feast for journalists from the Johns Hopkins School of International Studies' International Reporting Project: several varieties of greens, celery with vegetarian "pork," potato puree, squash, long green beans and luscious tea made with lemongrass and peppermint─all picked that day.

When asked whether she minded earning less, the Gaos' mother, Li Zhilan, responded: "We don't think about this. We think organic food is good for us to eat, good for the soil, and good for the people who eat what we grow."

And the Gaos' income is increasing: They deliver their organic produce directly to 150 families in the city, in a van labeled with huge Chinese characters that read: "No chemical fertilizers or pesticides, everything is healthy." If Chengdu starts a farmers' market or its trendy restaurants go organic, demand could increase.

Tian Jun hopes CURA can promote this model to other areas and develop a "river protection belt." Officials from other towns have already come to examine the project.

环保理想

河研会工作的重点地区是安龙村和两个与之相邻的农村,这是一个散布于林间及河边耕地上的白色灰泥小屋群聚。他们的目标是终止农民对化学肥料的「上瘾」,鼓励有机农作。这是一条艰困的路:(在这三个农村、为数一千户农家的聚落里,)有一百户家庭如今使用沼气,但是在二十个尝试有机农作的农家里,只有四家仍然坚持下去。原因是有机农作需要更密集的劳力,土地需要三至五年的时间才能摆脱化学肥料的副作用而重新恢复生机,这代表农民的收入在短期内会减少。

成功案例

不过,和有机农民谈话,就能洞察农村的生活与价值。高家的女儿高清蓉在做了十年的流动工人后,回到老家,她说新工作让她有「更多的尊严」。

她的兄弟高海曾在上海做过音乐节目主持人,他为来自约翰霍普金斯大学国际研究学院主办的国际报导计画的记者煮了一顿有机大餐, 包括好几种蔬菜,芹菜配素猪肉,马铃薯泥,栉瓜,长豆,以及柠檬香茅与薄荷制成的美味茶,全都是当天现摘的食材。

当被问到是否在意钱赚得比较少时,高家母亲李芝兰回答说: 「我们不想这些。我们认为有机食物让我们吃得健康,让土地健康,也让吃我们种的东西的人健康。」

高家的收入正在增加: 他们将有机产品,用一辆标示着大大的中国字:「没有化学肥料或杀虫剂,所有产品都健康」的厢型车,直接运送到城里的一百五十户家庭。如果成都设立有农民市集,或是时髦的餐厅开始采用有机食材,那么(对有机作物的)需求就可能增加。

田军希望河研会可以将这个模式推广到其他地区,并发展出一个「河流保护带」。其他市镇的官员已经纷纷来考察这个计画。

 

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